Spice list in the world kitchen – African and Asian spice mixture groups

Berbere spice

In the list of spices list, there are the rich types of spice mixtures. They are mixed from different spices from all groups with the suitable combination to increase the flavor to dishes. Each country or each region, there are the different spice mixtures created by the typical features from cuisine, local ingredients and ingenious creativity of people who mix them.

And related to spice mixtures in the spices list, there are different names for your reference such as Advieh, Old Bay Seasoning, Mixed spice, Five-spice Powder, Garam masala, chili powder, Pumkin pie spice, curry powder, Harissa, Hawaji, Masala, Jerk Spice, Za’atar, Vegeta, Chaat masala, Quatre epices, Bumbu, Baharat, Ras el hanout, Berbere, Panch phoron, Khmeli suneil, Shichimi togarashi, Sharena and many other names.

It is not easy to remember the spice mixtures however the groups included the spice mixtures which are used popularly in each region; may help you to mark some types for using in your kitchen if it is necessary. Spice mixture in the spices list may be popular spice mixtures base on the regions as African spice mixture group, Asian spice mixture group, European spice mixture group, Indian spice mixture group, Middle East spice mixture, North American spice mixture, and Latin American and The Caribbean spice mixture groups.

African spice mixtures

The African spice mixtures in the spices list may come from North or West or South Africa; however there are the most popular spice mixtures such as Berbere, Dukkah, Harissa and Ras el Hanout.


Berbere or Berbere spice mix is the mixture of different spices in the spices list such as cumin seeds, cardamom seeds, allspice, fenugreek seed, coriander seeds, cloves, black peppercorn, red peppers, ginger, turmeric, sweet paprika, cinnamon and salt. The spices are usually all powder for the powder mixture with the spicy, bitter and sweet a little bit. This mixture is used popularly in some countries as Ethiopia, Somalia and Eritrea etc.



It is also called Duqqa in the spices list. The spice mixture has in it the spices such as coriander, cumin, sesame, pepper, pine nuts, pumpkin seeds, sunflower seeds and salt etc. They may be used in the crushed or powder form. It gives the aroma, spicy, sweet, fat flavor and oil a little bit. Dukkah is usually used in the roasted recipes included bread, meat and fish.

Harissa Sauce
Harissa Sauce

In the spices list, Harissa is the spice mixture that has the strong spicy. It is fragrant and used widely in the recipes such as sauces, roasted dishes, soups or stews in North Africa and Middle East. The spice mix includes the single spices from the spices list such as garlic, chili, coriander, caraway seeds, cumin, mint, olive oil and salt. It is usually in the moist and crushed form.

Ras el Hanout
Ras el hanout
Ras el hanout

The main spices in this mixture are such as cinnamon, turmeric, black pepper, nutmeg, cardamom seed, clove etc. However, the Ras el Hanout sometimes is found with more 20 spices included. It gives the great aroma with the pungency a little bit, fat flavor, spicy but with slight hot status. This spice mix is used widely in many Moroccan, Algerian and Tunisian recipes.

Asian spice mixture group

The most popular spice mixtures in this group are found such as Chinese Five Spice, Gomasio, Togatashi, Asian curry, chili powder and sauté.

Chinese Five Spice

The spice mixture is used widely in many Asian recipes with meats, chicken, fishes even soups and stews or fried dishes. Chinese Five Spice has the ingredients such as star anise, fennel, peppercorns, ginger, nutmeg, cloves, cinnamon, etc. It is mostly in the powder form.


This is typical spice mixture but simple from Japan. It is included the main ingredients such as sesame seeds and salt in the crushed form. It is used in some popular Japanese recipes such as rice, sushi etc.


In the spices list, Togatashi is also the typical Japanese spice mixture included different spices such as chili pepper, sesame seeds, ginger, orange peel, seaweed etc. Togatashi is used mostly in the crushed form in the soups and noodle Japanese recipes.

Asian curry
Thai curry
Thai curry

It is the spice mixture with powder form. The typical spices are used to contribute to this spice mixture in the spices list such as cumin seed, ginger, white pepper, coriander, cloves, fennel seeds, chili pepper, garlic, nutmeg, cinnamon etc. The mixture gives the great color and aroma. It is used in the curry recipes, soup recipes, stews, fried and grilled recipes.

Chili powder

It is the very popular spice mixture in Asian recipes. The simple spice mixture includes the ingredients such as cumin, garlic, cayenne pepper, chili pepper, onion etc. It gives the hot spicy and pungency.

Vietnamese Saute with chili pepper
Vietnamese Saute with chili pepper

It is called fry spices with the rich flavor and aroma. The main ingredients in this type are included garlic, chili pepper powder or crushed fresh fruit, oil, lemon grass, galangal root, salt and fish sauce etc. It is the moist mixture to be added in the recipes such as fried recipes and soup recipes and seafood recipes.

To the next articles, you may check the spices in the spice list such as: